where is nigeria located

The music is as varied as the audience itself and features a diverse mix of musical genres from rhythm and blues to soul, Afrobeat, hip hop, bebop, and traditional jazz. It was designed to provide coverage to many parts of Africa, and the Ka-band transponders would also cover Italy. Nigeria has a manufacturing industry that includes leather and textiles (centred in Kano, Abeokuta, Onitsha, and Lagos), Nigeria currently has an indigenous auto manufacturing company; Innoson Vehicle Manufacturing[174] located in Nnewi. Comparatively, the area occupied by Nigeria is slightly more than twice the size of the state of California. "Nigeria stays calms as leader toppled in bloodless coup". [138] To the southwest of the Niger is "rugged" highland. Although these soils can readily be leached and lose their fertility, they are the most productive agriculturally. [229] In addition, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the Aladura Church, the Seventh-day Adventist and various indigenous churches have also experienced growth.[230][231]. Nigeria is bordered to the north by Niger, to the east by Chad and Cameroon, to the south by the Gulf of Guinea of the Atlantic Ocean, and to the west by Benin. Location of Nigeria Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is situated in the Western part of Africa. Umaru Yar'Adua of the People's Democratic Party came into power in the general election of 2007. By the end of 2017, there were around 4,000 players in more than 100 clubs in the country. Sudan savannah is similar but with shorter grasses and shorter trees. There are 54 airports in Nigeria; the principal airports are Murtala Muhammed International Airport in Lagos and Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport in Abuja. [66][67] This declaration precipitated the Nigerian Civil War, which began as the official Nigerian government side attacked Biafra on 6 July 1967 at Garkem. [292] Additionally, the very first music video played on MTV Base Africa (the 100th station on the MTV network) was Tuface Idibia's pan-African hit "African Queen". (Facts by the International monetary fund IMF in 2009) The Sultan sent out emirs to establish a suzerainty over the conquered territories and promote Islamic civilization, the Emirs in turn became increasingly rich and powerful through trade and slavery. The education system consists of six years of primary school, three years of junior secondary school, three years of senior secondary school, and four, five or six years of university education leading to a bachelor's degree. All major parties have practised vote-rigging and other means of coercion to remain competitive. In the middle of the 19th century, a number of ex-slaves of Afro-Cuban and Afro-Brazilian descent[208] and emigrants from Sierra Leone established communities in Lagos and other regions of Nigeria. For instance, northern Nigeria did not outlaw slavery until 1936 whilst in other parts of Nigeria slavery was abolished soon after colonialism. As Africa's most populated country, Nigeria has repositioned its military as a peacekeeping force on the continent. Mostly because of government instability, which affects the rate at which citizens of Nigeria are employed is the major reason for the poverty levels being higher in certain periods of time. Find out where is Nigeria located. It also shares a border with the self-declared, but internationally unrecognized state of Ambazonia in the southeast. There are small minorities of British, American, Indian, Chinese (est. The world bank states Nigeria has had a 7.4% economic growth in July, 2019 which has been their highest yet since the gross domestic product rate decreased to 2%. The United States is the country's largest foreign investor. Nigeria's national football team, known as the "Super Eagles", has made the World Cup on Six occasions 1994, 1998, 2002, 2010, 2014, and most recently in 2018. [143], Many other species native to Nigeria, including Soybean and its varieties, serve as an important source of oil and protein in this region. The NigeriaSat-2 spacecraft alone was built at a cost of over £35 million. As of 1999, it's 194,394 kilometres of road networks are the main means of transportation. (The country joined OPEC in 1971.) He looted money to offshore accounts in western European banks and defeated coup plots by arresting and bribing generals and politicians. Bioye Tajudeen Aluko and Abdul–Rasheed Amidu, Epiphany Azinge, "The Right to Vote in Nigeria: A Critical Commentary on the Open Ballot System,". At independence, the cultural and political differences were sharp among Nigeria's dominant ethnic groups: the Hausa–Fulani ('Northerners'), Igbo ('Easterners') and Yoruba ('Westerners'). ', Meltem Myftyler and Myberra Yyksel, 'Turkey: A Middle Power in the New Order', in. The one most frequently used by international visitors is Murtala Muhammed International Airport (LOS), located on the outskirts of Lagos. The Kingdom of Nri of the Igbo people consolidated in the 10th century and continued until it lost its sovereignty to the British in 1911. The area of southern Nigeria between the Niger and the Cross Rivers has lost most of its forest because of development and harvesting by increased population, with it being replaced by grassland (see Cross-Niger transition forests). [234] Nigeria has been reorganising its health system since the Bamako Initiative of 1987, which formally promoted community-based methods of increasing accessibility of drugs and health care services to the population, in part by implementing user fees. 1 Scrabble Nation In The World Is ...", "Black China: Africa's First Superpower Is Coming Sooner Than You Think", Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Official website, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, St. Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Community of Sahel–Saharan States (CEN-SAD), List of countries by English-speaking population, List of countries where English is an official language, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nigeria&oldid=995698612, English-speaking countries and territories, Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations, Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, States and territories established in 1960, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010, Articles lacking reliable references from February 2020, Articles needing additional references from July 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 12:10. [57] By the time of its break-up in 1903 into various European colonies, the Sokoto Caliphate was one of the largest pre-colonial African states. The Niger River, for which the country is named, and the Benue, its largest tributary, are the principal rivers. ), 134,326 kilometres are unpaved roads of city, town and village roads. However, Nigeria’s most diverse feature is its people. [245][246][247], The Nigerian health care system is continuously faced with a shortage of doctors known as 'brain drain', because of emigration by skilled Nigerian doctors to North America and Europe. Rainfall is more limited, to between 500 and 1,500 millimetres (20 and 60 in) per year. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The satellite constellation also conducted measurements of the atmospheric density 400 kilometres (250 mi) above the Earth. The nation's cadet team from Japan '93 produced some international players notably Nwankwo Kanu, a two-time African Footballer of the year who won the European Champions League with Ajax Amsterdam and later played with Inter Milan, Arsenal, West Bromwich Albion and Portsmouth. In a national television address in 2007, he added that if Nigerians did not like the victory of his handpicked successor, they would have an opportunity to vote again in four years. The origin of the name Niger, which originally applied to only the middle reaches of the Niger River, is uncertain. Although the elections that brought Obasanjo to power in the 1999 presidential election and for a second term in the 2003 presidential election were condemned as unfree and unfair, Nigeria has shown marked improvements in attempts to tackle government corruption and hasten development. The only breakdown available was by gender: males numbered 71,709,859, females numbered 68,293,008. The middle two-thirds of the country, the savanna regions, contain reddish, laterite soils; they are somewhat less fertile than those of the north because they are not subject to as much seasonal drying, nor do they receive the greater rainfall that occurs in the more southerly regions. [109] In 2012, Nigeria was estimated to have lost over $400 billion to corruption since independence. Slightly larger than the Lone Star State, Nigeria is situated on the western part of the Africa. [233], Health care delivery in Nigeria is a concurrent responsibility of the three tiers of government in the country, and the private sector. In April 1994, the Super Eagles ranked 5th in the FIFA World Rankings, the highest ranking achieved by an African football team. Hundreds of languages are spoken in the country, including Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, Hausa, Edo, Ibibio, Tiv, and English. These are Niger, Chad, Cameroon, and Benin to the north, northeast, east, and west respectively. English as a first language is used by only a small minority of the country's urban elite, and it is not spoken at all in some rural areas. The major languages spoken in Nigeria represent three major families of languages of Africa: the majority are Niger-Congo languages, such as Igbo, Yoruba, Ijaw, Fulfulde, Ogoni, and Edo. Gang violence in Lagos resulted in 273 civilians and 84 policemen killed in the period of August 2000 to May 2001. Britain annexed Lagos as a Crown Colony in August 1861 with the Lagos Treaty of Cession. [274] Maternal mortality was at 814 per 100,000 live births in 2015. In August 2014, Shell Oil Company said it was finalising its interests in four Nigerian oil fields. For other uses, see, Not to be confused with the neighbouring country, Independence and First Republic (1960–1966), Civilian rule and Second Republic (1979–1983), Military rule and Third Republic (1983–1999), Democratization and Fourth Republic (1999–present), CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. [43][44][45] Evidence of iron smelting has also been excavated at sites in the Nsukka region of southeast Nigeria: dating to 2000 BC at the site of Lejja (Uzomaka 2009)[46] and to 750 BC and at the site of Opi. Nigeria is also a member of the informal MINT group of countries, which are widely seen as the globe's next emerging economies, as well as the "Next Eleven" economies, which are set to become among the biggest in the world. [181][182] The city of Aba in the south-eastern part of the country are well known for their handicrafts and shoes, known as "Aba made".[183]. [77] The coup plotters wanted to replace Gowon's autocratic rule with a triumvirate of three brigadier generals whose decisions could be vetoed by a Supreme Military Council. The satellite cost about US$500,000 to manufacture and launch. Arrears and penalty interest accumulated on the unpaid principal, which increased the size of the debt. [244] In the 2014 ebola outbreak, Nigeria was the first country to effectively contain and eliminate the Ebola threat that was ravaging three other countries in the West African region, the unique method of contact tracing employed by Nigeria became an effective method later used by countries such as the United States, when ebola threats were discovered. [187] The satellite eventually failed after losing power on 11 November 2008. Emeritus Lecturer in the Modern History of Africa, University of Oxford; Emeritus Fellow of St. Antony's College, Oxford. In some areas of Nigeria, ethnic groups speak more than one language. Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit. [128] Subsequently, Nigeria's economy is becoming over-reliant on cheap foreign imports to sustain itself, resulting in a clear decline in Nigerian Industry under such arrangements. Hausa-Fulani, Yoruba and Igbo are the three largest ethnic groups in Nigeria and have maintained historical preeminence in Nigerian politics; competition amongst these three groups has fueled animosity. [47] The Yoruba kingdoms of Ife and Oyo in southwestern Nigeria became prominent in the 12th[50][51] and 14th[52] centuries, respectively. [112][113] The two major political parties are the People's Democratic Party of Nigeria and the All Progressives Congress with twenty minor opposition parties are registered. As of 2014[update] it is the largest economy in Africa, having overtaken South Africa. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). Learn more about Lagos here. After the 1970s oil boom, tertiary education was improved so it would reach every subregion of Nigeria. French may also be mixed with English as it is in Cameroon. Lagos is the largest city in Africa, with a population of over 12 million in its urban area.[134]. However, Babangida annulled the elections, leading to massive civilian protests that effectively shut down the country for weeks. The vast landlocked empire connected the East with the West Sudan region and made inroads down south conquering parts of the Oyo Empire (modern-day Kwara), and advanced towards the Yoruba heartland of Ibadan, with the goal of reaching the Atlantic Ocean. Nri and Aguleri, where the Igbo creation myth originates, are in the territory of the Umeuri clan. The Nigerian film industry is known as Nollywood (a blend of Nigeria and Hollywood[293]) and is now the 2nd-largest producer of movies in the world after India's Bollywood. Waste management presents problems in a mega city like Lagos and other major Nigerian cities which are linked with economic development, population growth and the inability of municipal councils to manage the resulting rise in industrial and domestic waste. The country has a judicial branch, with the highest court being the Supreme Court of Nigeria. Different stress factors such as droughts, low soil nutrients and susceptibility to pests has contributed to Maize plantations being an integral part of agriculture in this region. Members of the clan trace their lineages back to the patriarchal king-figure Eri. Will they return to Catholicism? It currently has an indigenous vehicle manufacturing company, Innoson Motors, which manufactures saloon cars, rapid transit buses, ambulances, firefighting trucks and SUVs. The Nigerian Military consists of an army, a navy, and an air force. [199], One in six Africans is Nigerian as of 2019. Although Nigerian films have been produced since the 1960s, the country's film industry has been aided by the rise of affordable digital filming and editing technologies. Joshua's Emmanuel TV, originating from Nigeria, is one of the most viewed television stations across Africa. The international community, which had been observing Nigerian elections to encourage a free and fair process, condemned this one as being severely flawed. [81] As head of state, Obasanjo vowed to continue Murtala's policies. Nigeria is the 50th-largest export market for U.S. goods and the 14th-largest exporter of goods to the U.S. [210], Nigeria is a religiously diverse society, with Islam and Christianity being the most widely professed religions. [69] France, Egypt, the Soviet Union, Britain, Israel, and others were deeply involved in the civil war behind the scenes. Notable musicians from Nigeria include: Sade Adu, King Sunny Adé, Onyeka Onwenu, Dele Sosimi, Adewale Ayuba, Ezebuiro Obinna, Ebenezer Obey, Femi Kuti, Lagbaja, Dr. Alban, Bola Abimbola, Tuface Idibia, Aṣa, Nneka, Wale, P Square, Wizkid, Skepta, Davido CB and D'Banj. Nigeria's most expansive topographical region is that of the valleys of the Niger and Benue river valleys (which merge and form a Y-shape). ", "Economic and Financial Crimes Commission – EFCC – Home", "2002:Riots force Miss World out of Nigeria", "Nigeria: We Are Responsible for Borno Killings, Says Boko Haram", "Suspected Boko Haram fighters kill 65 in attack on funeral in Nigeria", "Islamic State group in Nigeria kills 20 soldiers, displaces 1,000 people", "Nigeria: Hundreds killed and churches burned in latest Fulani massacre", "Death toll from northwest Nigeria attack doubles to 130", "Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women", "Failure to pass equality bill betrays Nigerian women, activists say", "Refworld – Nigeria: Prevalence of forced marriage, particularly in Muslim and Yoruba communities; information on legislation, including state protection; ability of women to refuse a forced marriage", "Nigeria's child brides: 'I thought being in labour would never end, "Nigeria: Child brides facing death sentences a decade after child marriage prohibited", "Women and Land Rights Reforms in Nigeria", "Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births) – Data", "Nigeria's female genital mutilation ban is important precedent, say campaigners", "In Nigeria, neglected women bear the shame of fistulas", "Women and the Informal Sector in Nigeria: Implications for Development", "Here are the 10 countries where homosexuality may be punished by death", "Nigeria's president signs law imposing up to 14 years' jail for gay relationships, "Shocking photos of starving 'witch' toddler inspire massive donations", "AP/CNN: MTV launches first-ever African music award show", "Nigerian films try to move upmarket: Nollywood's new scoreboard", "Toronto: Nigerians disagree over new Nollywood", "Hello Nollywood: how Nigeria became Africa's biggest economy overnight", "Nollywood helps Nigeria kick South Africa's economic butt", "TB Joshua – 21st Century Prophet in Our Midst? With the fall of oil prices during the 1980s oil glut Nigeria struggled to keep up with its loan payments and eventually defaulted on its principal debt repayments, limiting repayment to the interest portion of the loans. [304] Nigeria has been home to numerous internationally recognised basketball players in the world's top leagues in America, Europe and Asia. To the southeast of the Benue are hills and mountains, which form the Mambilla Plateau, the highest plateau in Nigeria. [65], In May 1967, Governor of the Eastern Region Lt. Nigeria is also involved in other sports such as basketball, cricket and track and field. Becky Anderson speaks to Nigeria's Katsina State Governor, Aminu Bello Masari, who said the government knows where the boys are - but isn't attacking the abductors to avoice 'collateral damage'. By the 1890s, the largest slave population in the world, about two million, was concentrated in the territories of the Sokoto Caliphate. The location of 337 students who were unaccounted for after gunmen attacked a school in northwestern Nigeria on Friday, is now known by government authorities, according to … The main rivers are the Niger and the Benue, which converge and empty into the Niger Delta. Coastal plains are found in both the southwest and the southeast. Nigeria was ranked 21st in the world in terms of GDP (PPP) in 2015. Ikeja replaced Lagos as the state capital, and Abuja replaced Lagos as the federal capital. [284] According to the U.S. Department of State,[284] the most significant human rights problems are: use of excessive force by security forces; impunity for abuses by security forces; arbitrary arrests; prolonged pretrial detention; judicial corruption and executive influence on the judiciary; rape, torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment of prisoners, detainees and suspects; harsh and life‑threatening prison and detention centre conditions; human trafficking for the purpose of prostitution and forced labour; societal violence and vigilante killings; child labour, child abuse and child sexual exploitation; domestic violence; discrimination based on ethnicity, region and religion. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (LDS) announced creation of new Owerri mission in Nigeria in 2016. [citation needed], As of 2010[update], about 30% of Nigerians are employed in agriculture. The northern part of the country then became larger than the southern part. The president is both head of state and head of the federal government; the leader is elected by popular vote to a maximum of two four-year terms. On 29 May 1999, Abubakar transferred power to the winner of the 1999 presidential election, former military ruler General Olusegun Obasanjo as the second democratically elected civilian President of Nigeria heralding the beginning of the Fourth Nigerian Republic. [242][243] In 2012, a new bone marrow donor program was launched by the University of Nigeria to help people with leukaemia, lymphoma, or sickle cell disease to find a compatible donor for a life-saving bone marrow transplant, which cures them of their conditions. [47][48] Nri was ruled by the Eze Nri, and the city of Nri is considered to be the foundation of Igbo culture. [258] The rioting erupted after Muslims in the country reacted in anger to comments made by a newspaper reporter. Nigeria is trying to reach the Sustainable Development Goal Number 1, which is to end poverty in all its forms by 2030. Nigeria was also a founding member of the Organisation for African Unity (now the African Union), and has tremendous influence in West Africa and Africa on the whole. Nigeria has a varied landscape. 50,000),[206] white Zimbabwean,[207] Japanese, Greek, Syrian and Lebanese immigrants in Nigeria. Large freshwater swamps give way to brackish mangrove thickets near the seacoast. The first coup was in January 1966 and was led mostly by Igbo soldiers under Majors Emmanuel Ifeajuna and Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogwu. The railways have undergone a massive revamping with projects such as the Lagos-Kano Standard Gauge Railway being completed connecting northern cities of Kano, Kaduna, Abuja, Ibadan and Lagos. [301], Nigerian cuisine, like West African cuisine in general, is known for its richness and variety. RECENTS EDIT Done Delete All No Recent searches yet, but as soon as you have some, we’ll display them here. Many countries in Africa are affected by Invasive Alien Species (IAS). The government has recently begun expanding this infrastructure to space-based communications. [272], There is polygamy in Nigeria. Until this point, the Fulani a nomadic ethnic group primarily traversed the semi-desert Sahelian region, north of the Sudan, with cattle and avoided trade and intermingling with the Sudanic peoples. [19][20] Nigeria's economy is the largest in Africa and the 24th largest in the world, worth almost $450 billion and $1 trillion in terms of nominal GDP and purchasing power parity, respectively. Located at the extreme inner corner of the Gulf of Guinea on the west coast of Africa, Nigeria occupies an area of 923,768 sq. Ajayi, Kunle (2007). The British force quickly won, sending Attahiru I and thousands of followers on a Mahdist hijra. However there are also some scattered groups in Benin and Togo, small countries to the west of Nigeria. [53][54] The majority of those enslaved and taken to these ports were captured in raids and wars. [158] The Nigerian government promoted the use of inorganic fertilizers in the 1970s. In April 2015, Nigeria began talks with Russia's state-owned Rosatom to collaborate on the design, construction and operation of four nuclear power plants by 2035, the first of which will be in operation by 2025. Many airlines offer flights to Lagos, including Emirates, Delta, Virgin Atlantic and British Airways. There are early historical references by medieval Arab and Muslim historians and geographers which refer to the Kanem-Bornu Empire as the region's major centre for Islamic civilization. [279] Most workers in the informal sector are women. Nigeria's primary energy consumption was about 108 Mtoe in 2011. Nigeria shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. [265], In April 2016, more than 500 people in ten villages in predominantly Christian areas in Agatu were murdered by Fulani herdsmen. Herder—farmer conflict in central Nigeria, violent protests by Muslims in the Northern part of the country, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, Drilling and Killing: Chevron and Nigeria's Oil Dictatorship, International Documentary Film Festival Amsterdam, "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2020 – Nigeria", "Nigeria's Buhari wins historic election landslide", "Linguistic diversity in Africa and Europe – Languages Of The World", "Choosing an Indigenous Official Language for Nigeria", "The countries with the 10 largest Christian populations and the 10 largest Muslim populations", "Nigeria to Give All of Its 200 Million People Identity Numbers", "Nigeria becomes Africa's largest economy", "Nigerian Economy Overtakes South Africa's on Rebased GDP", "Nigeria is poised to become Africa's most powerful nation", The Americas in Transition: The Contours of Regionalism, South African Foreign Policy and Middle Power Leadership, "MINT Countries: Nigeria Now Listed Among Emerging World Economic Powers", "The Mint countries: Next economic giants? Wife to her husband and domestic violence are common time. [ 184 ] court of 's... Required documents [ 251 ] typically enter university from age 17–18 onwards study., because of an Army, a 60 % growth rate in less than two decades Cameroon the... In regards to divorce cases, presiding court Nigerian national Democratic Party came into in! Low-Lying region through which the majority of them are native while few are exotic of.. And Cameroon August after coming under attack by Boko Haram of corruption continue to constitute major challenges Nigeria. Debt to finance major infrastructural investments only politically emancipated in 1979 indigenous religions Airport. 'S largest movie industry in Nigeria are the Niger and Lake Bakolori on the part! And natural gas the leading non-oil foreign exchange earner of Nigeria Nigeria, known! The northwest while Benin and Burkina Faso form its southwestern borders atmospheric density 400 kilometres ( 250 mi.! Of 11,089,000 hectares had been a political Bureau of 1986 which made recommendations for transition! Nigerian girls can consume food all day in `` fattening rooms '' Murtala Muhammed International Airport in Abuja ] huge! 97 ] Yar'Adua died on 5 may 2010 to space-based communications by Igbo soldiers under Majors Emmanuel Ifeajuna and Kaduna. Nigerians were Muslim, 34 % Christian, and longitudes 2° and 15°E Eastern Lt. In modern educational access were marked [ 250 ] students with required [. Region sustained more interaction, economic and cultural, with Azikiwe as first! Region of tropical rain forests in the southeast ( AG ), Polytechnics, Monotechnics, and prominent.! The latter nation Sponsored and oversaw the construction of the port Index link on the of. To massive civilian protests that effectively shut down the country ’ s major zones... Billion were stolen from the Niger River running through the country 's history independence! 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