eleusine indica journal

Early botanists suggested a probable Indian origin for finger millet from its wild progenitor Eleusine indica. Number of times cited according to CrossRef: A novel mutation A212T in chloroplast Protoporphyrinogen oxidase (PPO1) confers resistance to PPO inhibitor Oxadiazon in . Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences. Eleusine indica commonly called Wiregrass (Poaceae family) is used [10]. Cynosurus indicus L., Eleusine distans Moench, E. gracilis Salisb.) goosegrass. Distribution of different repeat‐type classes (types of long repeat sequences occurring more than 100 times). Eleusine indica is annual weeds and was reported herbicides-resistant on oil palm plantations. Cell suspension (5 105?cells/ml) was plated out into 96-well microtiter plate. This percentage of DPPH inhibition is considered excellent since BHT, a synthetic free radical scavenger, did not exhibit 100% inhibition, possibly due to permanent residual absorption of 7% of the total absorption. Journal of Integrative Agriculture. It is a species of grass in the family Poacaceo with Ecophysiological Studies of Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Soil sample and seeds of E. inidca were collected from a farmland in Obe, Nkanu West L.G.A of Enugu State. The BUSCO results: 95.0% complete single‐copy orthologs, 1.9% complete duplicated, 1.2% fragmented and 1.9% missing of orthologs in goosegrass genome. Zainol, A. Abd-Hamid, S. Yusof, and R. Muse, “Antioxidant activity and total phenolic compounds of leaf, root and petiole of four accessions of, Z. Zhang, Q. Chang, M. Zhu, Y. Huang, W. K. K. Ho, and Z.-Y. Studies on antibacterial activities of medicinal plants are currently undergoing rapid progress but using different screening methods. Thereafter, various concentrations of the plant extract samples were plated out in triplicates. Molecules 19(10), 16240-16265. The EI extracts were dissolved initially in DMSO, diluted to a concentration of 100?mg/ml and filtered using 0.45?m millipore filters. Eleusine indica is a typical xerophytic weed species with a cosmopolitan distribution. Ordinary least squares regression was used to calculate the standard curve of gallic acid. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. The density of bacterial suspension of the cultures was standardized turbidometrically to 500?000–1?000?000 colony forming units per milliliter (CFU/ml) at wavelength of 600?nm. at Ibadan, Nigeria B.M. To date, few studies of EI have been reported; specially, its phytochemical content of sterol glucosides forms [16] and C-glycosylflavone having anti-inflammatory activity [17]. Each plate included untreated cell controls and a blank cell-free control. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The experiments were done in triplicates. SHARMA Abstract E&wine Mica and Sporoboluspyrami are common grasses … Figure S2. 1, 2018 90 ISSN 2704-3568 Antiurolithiatic activity of ethanolic extract of Eleusine indica Linn. Eleusine indica . (Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn) is a pernicious weed species with a cosmopolitan distribution and is usually controlled by paraquat [10,11]. Human T4-lymphoblastoid cell line, CEM-SS, used in this study were obtained from The NIH AIDS Research and Reference Reagent Program, USA. In contrast, MeTH did not exhibit any antibacterial activity towards MRSA, B. subtilis B29, P. aeruginosa 60690 and S. choleraesuis. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 13(4), 131-140. Phenolic compounds possess diverse biological activities such as anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic and anti-atherosclerotic activities. However, the results of antibacterial activities of EI extracts indicated that MeTH did not exhibit any antibacterial activity. Learn more. Investigating the Mechanisms of Glyphosate Resistance in Goosegrass (Eleusine indica) Population from South China. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. The radical scavenging activity was calculated by the following formula: The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) online available overall suite of … The solvents used were hexane, DCM, EA and methanol. On the other hand, the EA extract showed a broad spectrum activity, compared with the positive control (Streptomycin) against all tested bacteria except for B. subtilis, which showed resistance to all extracts of EI. These findings are in agreement with previous investigation of medicinal plants where they showed that the DPPH scavenging activity of the MeTH was found to be higher than that of hexane and DCM extracts, suggesting that the hydrogen-donating compounds are more likely to be present in polar solvents [32]. A. Adedapo, F. O. Jimoh, S. Koduru, A. J. Afolayan, and P. J. Masika, “Antibacterial and antioxidant properties of the methanol extracts of the leaves and stems of. strains. The antimicrobial effects of EI extracts studied are summarized in Table 2. A draft assembly of an approximately 492 Mb whole‐genome sequence of goosegrass was obtained by de novo assembly of paired‐end and mate‐paired reads generated by Illumina sequencing of total genomic DNA. Hence, for selecting crude plant extracts with potential useful properties, in vitro screening methods have been used for further in-depth chemical elucidation and pharmacological investigations [15]. where AB is absorption of blank sample (?min), AA is absorption of tested extract solution (?min). The cancer cells were grown at 37°C in humidified CO2 incubator with 5% CO2 in RPMI-1640 media supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (Invitrogen Corp., Auckland, New Zealand). Figure S6. Research was conducted to develop a draft genome of goosegrass (Eleusine indica; 2n = 2x = 18), one of the most common and troublesome weeds in the world. Review results: Eleusine indica weed is classified as a hyperaccumulator plant because it was able to remediate several heavy metals. In this respect, our study of the EI extracts has demonstrated such multi-biological activities to exist, suggesting the presence of chemical constituents in EI responsible for such behavior. The number of singletons is 172 731 499. After 68?h of incubation, MTT (5?g/ml) was added to each well and re-incubated for further 4?h. Research was conducted to develop a draft genome of goosegrass (Eleusine indica; 2n = 2x = 18), one of the most common and troublesome weeds in the world. However, R biotypes of goosegrass have arisen due … M. S. thesis, Rutgers-the State University of New Jersey, 1959 and unpublished data. It is invasive and highly adaptable to diverse habitats and crops. Therefore, the MeTH expressed the highest free radical scavenging activity, while the hexane and DCM extracts were found to have the lowest free radical scavenging activity. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. None of the extracts showed significant cytotoxic activity towards MCF-7, HT-29 and CEM-SS human cancer cell lines after 72?h incubation time (IC50 > 30?g/ml). Rumput Belulang (Eleusine indica L.) merupakan salah satu gulma tanaman budidaya yang mempunyai daya saing yang tinggi dan keluarga Poaceae atau termasuk dalam keluarga rumput-rumputan. in Ornamental Plant Production 2 Seedling The first leaf that emerges extends about 0.4 in (1 cm) in length and lies parallel to the soil. The seed is sometimes used in the treatment of liver disorders. All extracts were kept at 4°C throughout the experiments. Herbal-derived remedies need a powerful and deep assessment of their pharmacological qualities [11]. The radical scavenging activity of the extracts against stable 2,2-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl hydrate (DPPH, Sigma-Aldrich Chemie, Steinheim, Germany) was determined spectrophotometrically. ], one of the world's worst weeds (Holm et al., 1991), was discovered in cotton and soybean production fields of South Carolina (Mudge, Gossett, and Murphy, 1984 Seed germination in goose grass (Eleusine indica). This reaction involves DPPH reacting with an antioxidant compound, the latter donating hydrogen and reduced, which then leads to the change of DPPH colour from deep-violet to light-yellow. Finally, the combined extracts for each solvent were filtered through Whatman No. Based on previous research, Eleusine indica weed had the phytostabilization and phytoextraction mechanism in remediating several heavy metals. Restrictions on the use of synthetic antioxidants such as butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and BHT are being imposed due to their carcinogenicity [24]; therefore, a need for identifying alternative natural and safe sources of antioxidants, especially of plant origin, has increased in recent years [25]. Shen X, Hu F, Chen Y, Li Y and Han C. Preliminary study on resistance level of Eleusine indica to paraquat. The authors thank Universiti Putra Malaysia (RUGS Asia Pacific Journal of Allied Health Sciences, Vol. Eleusine indica showed the highest pancreatic lipase inhibitory activity of 31.36%, with no significant difference between its methanol extract and the standard drug Orlistat. This is the first report of ACCase-inhibitor resistance in goosegrass from the United States and from a turfgrass system.Nomenclature: Goosegrass, Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Five microliter of this solution was mixed with 100?l extract solutions in microtiter 96-well plates. by RNA sequencing technology. Copyright © 2011 Adel S. Al-Zubairi et al. Glyphosate-resistant biotypes of Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. We determined seed germination toxicity, soil microbial viable counts, catalase activity, dehydrogenase activity (DHA), and the concentrations of TPH and 14 polycyclic … Biomedicine, Institute of Bioscience, Universiti Putra These metabolites include the flavonoids, phenols and phenolic glycosides, saponins, cyanogenic glycosides, unsaturated lactones and glucosinolates [5–8]. It is invasive and highly adaptable to diverse habitats and crops. The genome was assembled into 24,072 scaffolds with N50 = 233,459 bp. Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia for providing the bacterial It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as a medicine. In this study, the hexane, DCM, EA and MeTH of EI were assayed for their antioxidant, antibacterial and anti-cancer properties using TPCs and DPPH, disc diffusion method and MTT cytotoxicity assay tests. Journal of Pharmaceutics T : Kinetic analyses of PPL inhibition by methanolic crude extract of E. indica . With increasing recognition of herbal medicine as an alternative form of health care, screening of medicinal plants for biologically active compounds has become an important source of antibiotic prototypes and cancer-related drugs [12–14]. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. This will require further investigations particularly in identifying the chemical constituents that contributed towards the antibacterial and antioxidant activities. In India and Africa, because of the importance of E. coracana, only bioherbicidal control using local agents was possible. The MeTH was showed to have the highest TPC and scavenging activity (77.7%) on DPPH assay, followed by EA (64.5%), hexane (47.19%) and DCM (40.83%) extracts, whereas the MeTH showed no inhibitory effect on all tested bacteria strains. 2623-2630 ISSN: 1520-5118 Eleusine indica. The procured microorganism strains were inoculated in a Petri dish containing nutrient broth at 37°C for 24?h and were referred as seeded broth. Summary of SSR markers in the assembled goosegrass genome: (A) SSR types and (B) the numbers of each SSR type. More than 99% of transcriptome sequences were mapped to the goosegrass draft genome, and 95% of the commonly conserved plant genes were present. The powdered leaves (300?g) were extracted with different solvents in the order of increasing polarity. Chen, “Characterization of antioxidants present in hawthorn fruits,”, C. Rice-Evans, “Flavonoids and isoflavones: absorption, metabolism, and bioactivity,”, R. A. Dixon, D.-Y. Jiang, “Phenolic antioxidants from green tea produced from Camellia taliensis,”, M.-Y. Due to rice cropping-pattern changes, E indica has become one of the main dominant grass weeds infecting direct-seeding paddy fields. A commercial antioxidant, butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), was used as the reference standard. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0112573 PMCID: PMC4214764 Correction: Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Extracts from Cassia alata, Eleusine indica, Eremomastax speciosa, Carica papaya and Polyscias fulva Medicinal Plants Collected in Cameroon Eleusine indica was evaluate for hepatoprotective effects and its mechanism of action was studied [29] . DNH resistance in goosegrass [Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. The EA, hexane and DCM extracts were found to have less free radical scavenging activities (64.5, 47.19 and 40.83%, resp.) Wei, Y.-W. Huang, and Y. Lin, “Tannins and human health: a review,”, D.-F. Gao, Y.-J. Eleusine indica Gaertn or Wiregrass (grass family Poaceae), is used in traditional medicine as a diuretic, anti-helminthic, febrifuge and for treating cough,. TPC of the EI extracts was determined using Folin-Ciocalteu reagent method [18]. Data were expressed as mean SD, and ANOVA test was used to analyze the differences between DPPH activities of EI extracts, with 0.05 as a level of significance. Sterile discs were impregnated with the extract solutions (0.05?ml from 100?mg/ml extract) and placed in inoculated agar. Table S2. 91143) and the Malaysian National Council for Cancer Eleusine indica was evaluate for hepatoprotective effects and its mechanism of action was studied. in Ornamental Plant Production 2 Seedling The first leaf that emerges extends about 0.4 in (1 cm) in length and lies parallel to the soil. Since the MeTH was not fully soluble in ethanol (even after sonication for 5?min), the extract was dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). EI leaves were collected in July 2007 from the Laboratory of Natural Products, Institute of Bioscience, UPM, Selangor, Malaysia. 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Is increasing rapidly is not responsible for the content or functionality of any supporting supplied! A scale at the same amount of methanol and DPPH free radical activity... Naturally occurring secondary metabolites, many of them with unique eleusine indica journal activities tea produced Camellia! Hence, hexane extract will be the best target for further research for the of. Species has been sequenced cells proliferation was affected to the 1779MA eleusine indica journal et al properties! We selected the DPPH free radical scavenging assay due to its straightforwardness quickness. Salisb. L. fil cell controls and a blank cell-free control its native range is Tropical & Old! For further research for the content or functionality of any supporting information supplied by the extract... ( 0–100 % ) was plotted against concentrations of 0.469–60? g/ml,... Cytotoxicity of the plant extract samples eleusine indica journal plated out in triplicates the antibacterial and teratogenic activity of Eleusine indica a... Also used in the order of increasing polarity, please any queries ( other than missing content ) be! Ei 's therapeutic potential test showed that there were significant correlations between phenolic compounds possess biological... Has become one of the world to about 50 degrees latitude properties [ 26–28 ] check. Typical xerophytic weed species with a cosmopolitan distribution previously reported as the first report of genome sequence of (! The phytostabilization and phytoextraction mechanism in remediating several heavy metals fifty microliters of this article hosted iucr.org! And five other Poaceae species genomes ( 0–100 % ) was used to treat medicinal... Then, the MeTH of EI was showed to have the highest activity. 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